10 Automotive Repairs Everyone Should Know

March 07, 2019

10 Automotive Repairs Everyone Should Know

As much as most of us wish our vehicles would remain perfect forever, that is highly unlikely. Maintaining a vehicle can be very costly, especially if you are going to a mechanic when anything goes wrong. Whether you’re an avid traveler on the road frequently or just use your car to commute to work, you should know a few basic repairs. We wrote this article for men and WOMEN. Women are often unfairly portrayed as damsels in distress at the auto body shop and very commonly overcharged for maintenance. Dealerships charge their customers thousands of dollars for minor repairs instead of the more cost-effective alternative: Do It Yourself!


1. Changing oil.

You need to regularly check and change your car’s oil to ensure the smooth running of the vehicle and to prolong the lifespan of its engine. Changing your car’s oil is one of the most fundamental DIY skills you should have for car maintenance or repair. Of course, it’s a different story if the oil filter and oil drain plug of your car are very hard to reach.

Basic steps involve draining the oil by removing the oil drain plug, unscrewing the oil filter and emptying it, putting the oil filter and drain plug back, removing the oil filler hole cap, and pouring fresh oil. Nothing you can’t learn from the tons of tutorials available online!

2. Changing a flat tire.

There’s a reason “wheels” is slang for car. It’s because the tires are one of the most important parts of your vehicle. And they can go flat on you every once in a while. But changing a flat tire doesn’t have to be a big deal and could actually be a lifesaving skill to learn.
Basic steps involve loosening the lug nuts (with a wrench), using a jack stand to lift the car off the ground, removing the lug nuts (and subsequently the tire), placing the spare tire on, wrenching the lug nuts back on, lowering the car, and finally making sure the lug nuts are tight. Simple.

3. Car radio repair

When thinking about the basic repairs to do for your car, most people don’t think repairing a radio is in that category. Most dealerships and auto stereo shops replace radios with new or used ones. Actually repairing a radio can save you hundreds; sometimes thousands of dollars. The most difficult repair for your radio is repairing the touchscreen or CD/DVD mechanism which requires a few more steps.  If you any previous electronic or mechanical experience, the repair process can be very easy and some installations can take minutes! Check out our Radio Repair videos here!

4. Removing scratches from the paint.

Scratches are the absolute worst. Even the tiniest scratches are visible from a distance and can kill the overall appearance of your metal monster. Unfortunately, it may cost you thousands to get them removed in a body shop. But you can save the money and the frustration with a simple DIY job.

The steps include: determining the depth of the scratch, lightly sanding the scratch, cleaning the area, applying rubbing compound, polishing the area with the rubbing compound, washing the area, and finally waxing the area to seal the repair. That’s it. You’ve just saved yourself a lot of money.

5. Changing a car battery.

Car batteries tend to die on us at the most inconvenient times. If you’re in the middle of nowhere, your best bet would be to find roadside assistance and/or call a tow truck. But if you’re home and your battery shows signs that it might need replacement, the DIY replacement method is quite easy.

The steps include: removing any covers from the battery, disconnecting the negative cables, moving the clamp away from the battery post, doing the same for the positive cable clamp, removing all screws, replacing the old battery with the new one, and finally reconnecting the cable clamps. Make sure you label the cables before you remove them.

6. Replacing a headlight or taillight.

Having a broken headlight or taillight is not only inconvenient but is actually illegal. Consequently, you need to change them as soon as they begin to fade. But why waste money on a mechanic when the DIY replacement is so easy?

The process involves: removing the screws connecting the headlight frame to the bracket, disconnecting the electrical connector, removing the faulty bulb and replacing it with a new one, plugging the connector back on, and finally replacing the frame.

Sometimes only your frame might be broken, which can be just as hazardous. You can change it following the same procedure.

7. Replacing wipers.

Windshield wipers are one of the least appreciated parts of your car’s safety system. Imagine what would happen if they failed on you during heavy rain or snowfall, perhaps resulting in damage to your brand new vehicle. Faulty wiper blades need to replaced, and you need to be sure that your windshield wipers are always in perfect shape. This DIY is an easy fix.

The steps involve: lifting the wiper arm away from the windshield, depressing the small tab that allows the wiper blade to be pulled off, lining up the new wiper blade with the arm, and pushing it in tightly. Done! Make sure to follow tutorials while doing it.

8. Replacing air filters.

Air filters are one of the most overlooked parts of your car. They keep your engine free of dust and other contaminants. They are inexpensive and quite easy to replace, so keeping your car’s engine clean is another easy DIY.

The steps include: opening the hood, locating the air filter unit, removing the air filter cover, taking the air filter out and cleaning the air filter housing, inserting a new filter, and finally replacing the cover. You’re done! Make sure you change your filter once every 30,000 miles, or approximately once every year.

9. Changing brake pads.

The brakes are one of the most important elements of your vehicle for ensuring your safety while driving. Many car accidents result from brake failures, so your car’s brakes always need to be in perfect condition. Thankfully, changing the brake pads can be as easy as changing a flat tire.

Basic steps involve loosening the lug nuts off the wheels, jacking the car up, removing the wheels, removing the slider bolts, removing the older brake pads and replacing them with new ones, and putting the slider bolts and the wheels back on securely. You should be particularly careful if you’re using replica wheels. This is another simple DIY that can save you some money!

10. Jumpstarting a car.

This is not so much a repair as it is a fundamental skill. Everyone should know how to jumpstart their own car. You wouldn’t want to have to call roadside assistance every time your car won’t start, and it’s really the easiest thing ever.

Just take your jumper cables out, put both vehicles in neutral and shut the ignition off. Now, attach one of the red clips to the positive terminal of your battery and the other to the positive terminal of the battery in the other car (the one that will start). Attach one of the black clips to the negative terminal of the battery in the other car. Attach the other end to an unpainted metal surface. Now try to start your vehicle. You’re done!

We hope these tips above can help you save money that you would otherwise spend on a mechanic to handle your car’s issues. Don't be afraid to DIY! 

-FRP Team

Sources:
  • “17 Easy Car Repairs and Maintenance Projects You Can Do Yourself.” The News Wheel, The News Wheel, thenewswheel.com/easy-car-repairs-and-maintenance/.
  • “Basic Car Repair Everyone Should Know.” Dumb Little Man, 3 Nov. 2017, www.dumblittleman.com/basic-car-repair/.
  • Dellitt, Julia. “5 Car Maintenance Skills Everyone Should Know.” The Everygirl, The Everygirl, 13 Apr. 2017, theeverygirl.com/5-car-maintenance-skills-everyone-should-know/.
  • Ktrk. “Here Are the 10 Basic Do-It-Yourself Car Repairs You Should Know.” ABC13 Houston, 9 Nov. 2017, abc13.com/automotive/the-10-basic-car-repair-skills-you-should-know/2622755/.
  • “Leatherman.” Leatherman Difference, www.leatherman.com/blog/diy/6-diy-car-repairs-everyone-should-know.
  • Paudyal, Nabin. “10 Basic Car Repairs Everyone Should Know.” Lifehack, Lifehack, 13 Mar. 2016, www.lifehack.org/374885/10-basic-car-repairs-everyone-should-know.

 




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